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In , the national team of Australia played their first match, and the Hospital's Cup became an annual competition in Queensland.
Australia played its first test against New Zealand in in front of a crowd of 30, at the Sydney Cricket Ground. The British Isles team visited Australia in and , and at the Summer Olympics, the Australian team defeated England to win the gold medal in rugby.
An event that was to greatly shape rugby union's future in Australia was the onset of World War I in Rugby competitions were suspended due to an overwhelmingly high percentage of rugby players enlisting to serve in the Australian Imperial Force.
The enlistment of rugby players was so quick and extensive that, by , a Sydney newspaper reported: Hill, secretary of the New South Wales Rugby Union , out of regular first grade players are on active service, or 90 percent.
Weakened by the loss of its players to the war effort, the Queensland Rugby Union was dissolved in It was not until that the union was re-formed and the Brisbane clubs and Great Public Schools returned to playing the rugby union code.
The first game was held that year at Eden Park , though the official start of the competition is disputed between that game and the New Zealand tour to Australia.
Until the late s, the administration of the Australian team, including all tours, was handled by New South Wales, being the senior union.
A national body, the [Australian Rugby Football Union was formed at a conference in Sydney in , acting initially in an advisory capacity only,  and in was formally constituted and joined the International Rugby Football Board IRFB , representing Australia.
Australia was defeated by France in the semifinal stage. With rugby union becoming an openly professional sport in , after more than a century of a strictly-enforced amateur code, major changes were seen in both the club and international game.
The Super 12 rugby competition was born that year. The tournament involved 12 provincinal sides from three countries; New Zealand, South Africa and Australia.
The year also saw the Tri Nations Series , between the three Super 12 countries. The game attracted a then world record crowd for a rugby union match of , to see Australia win with its greatest margin over New Zealand by 28—7.
In this record was raised again when a crowd of , witnessed the 'Greatest ever Rugby Match'. New Zealand took an early lead of nil after 11 minutes only to see Australia draw level at 24 all by half time, and the match was decided by a Jonah Lomu try to finish in favour of New Zealand by 39— In doing this, Australia became the first multiple winners of the tournament.
The year saw the staging of the Rugby World Cup in Australia. In , to celebrate a decade of professional rugby union in Australia, the Wallaby Team of the Decade was announced.
There are constituent state and territory unions with the New South Wales Rugby Union and Queensland Rugby Union traditionally being the dominant members, reflecting the games higher status in these states.
Past and present professional Australian rugby players are represented by the Rugby Union Players Association.
In , figures from World Rugby then the IRB show there were just over 38, registered adult rugby union players in Australia, of which the states of New South Wales and Queensland accounted for The lowest participation rate was 0.
In Sydney there are three major private school associations contributing the most support. The Wallabies is Australia's national rugby union team.
Australia has won the World Cup on two occasions, in against England at Twickenham, and then again in in Wales against France.
The team plays in green and gold, which have traditionally been Australia's sporting colours. Australia has been playing internationals since , when they played a visiting British Isles team on 24 June, defeating them by 13 points to 3.
The Wallabies play in the Southern Hemisphere's principal international competition. The rivalry with the New Zealand All Blacks is considered the marquee rivalry for the game of rugby union in Australia and the teams contest the Bledisloe Cup on an annual basis.
The biggest crowd for a Bledisloe match was , in Sydney. They have won the Hong Kong Sevens event on five occasions, and are also a "core team" that participates in all rounds of the Sevens World Series.
The country has hosted one leg of the Sevens World Series in each season since — From through , the Adelaide Sevens was held in that city in March or April.
In addition, the event moved to November, becoming the first tournament of each season. The tournament moved to October beginning in the —13 season , but remained the season opener through — Since the —16 series , the event has been held in Sydney , and is now fourth on the series schedule.
Australia A is a team of players who are being developed as future Wallaby players. They play matches against touring teams as well as compete in the Pacific Nations Cup.
The women's team, the Wallaroos have been playing international rugby since , and have competed at four Women's Rugby World Cups.
Their best finish was third in The women's sevens team were champions of the inaugural Women's World Cup Sevens in They have also been a core team in the World Rugby Women's Sevens Series since its inaugural —13 season , and won the gold medal for inaugural Olympic sevens tournament at Rio de Janeiro in It acted as host for the second time in Australia has won twice, in and With Argentina's entry into the tournament in , the competition has been renamed The Rugby Championship.
The Cup is awarded to the winner of each annual series of test matches played. Matches played at Rugby World Cups do not count towards the competition.
The Australian rugby team annually plays a test series against other squads, either at home acting as host nation to visiting teams, or touring overseas.
When Australia became one of the world's best sides in the s, the team was largely drawn from the NSW Waratahs and Queensland Reds. The ACT Brumbies had become another strong province by the s and joined the Super 12 competition with the Waratahs and Reds in , playing against the top rugby provinces from New Zealand and South Africa.
The Western Force , based in Perth , joined the competition in when it expanded to become the Super 14, and the Melbourne Rebels were added when it became Super Rugby in The strongholds of the game are still in New South Wales and Queensland where rugby football, initially rugby union and later rugby league , has been the dominant code since the s.
Rugby was introduced to other cities and regions at around the same time but Melbourne rules now Australian football was preferred in the southern states.
Rugby union had a diminished national profile for many decades after rugby league became the more popular football code in Sydney and Brisbane prior to the first world war.
The game gradually expanded its reach again after the second world war, and rugby union was re-established in most areas of the country by the s.
Super Rugby, previously known as Super 12 and Super 14, is a multi-regional rugby union competition that involves teams from three nations across the southern hemisphere; Australia , New Zealand and South Africa , and expanded in to also include teams based in Argentina and Japan.
Australia had five sides in the team competition which expanded to 18 in The Brumbies have won the competition twice, the Reds and Waratahs once.
Prior to the creation of professional Super Rugby in , there were a number of other Oceania-African competitions that featured representative teams from both Queensland and New South Wales, such as the Super 10 competition, which Queensland won twice.
Before that there was the Super Sixes competition. State teams have been playing each other since the late s, when Queensland took on New South Wales in Sydney.
In late , Rugby Australia then known as the Australian Rugby Union announced plans to launch a new domestic competition to be known as the National Rugby Championship NRC with the goal of bridging the gap between club rugby and Super Rugby.
Originally expected to involve 10 teams,  and ultimately unveiled in March with nine teams,  the NRC began play in August , with the season running through to November.
The country's previous attempt to launch a national domestic competition came in in the form of the Australian Rugby Championship ARC. It included eight teams in all, with a geographic distribution almost identical to that of the first three seasons of the NRC, with the exception of one fewer NSW team.
The aim of the competition, scheduled to run from August finishing in October with the final, was similar to that of the NRC. Each major city and many country areas support club rugby competitions in Australia.
The club competitions in NSW and Queensland are the oldest and most prestigious. Similarly the QRU runs the Queensland Premier Rugby competition, which is the top Brisbane club competition, as well as the Queensland Country Championships for representative teams in the major regions of greater Queensland.
All other states also run their own club competitions of varying strength, but the NSW and Queensland competitions have historically been regarded as the major domestic competitions below Super Rugby and are now the major level below the NRC.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. History of rugby union in Australia. This section needs expansion with: You can help by adding to it.
The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 24 December Retrieved 20 August Archived from the original on 26 May Retrieved 26 May Archived from the original on 27 October Retrieved 27 October Archived from the original on 28 October Retrieved 28 October Archived PDF from the original on 13 March Retrieved 13 April Archived from the original on 22 August Retrieved 12 April Archived from the original on 13 April Archived from the original on 21 August Retrieved 14 October Archived from the original on 11 April Retrieved 11 April Archived from the original on 22 October Retrieved 22 October Retrieved 2 December The Northern Daily Leader.
Archived from the original on 14 December Retrieved 14 December Archived from the original on 24 July Retrieved 4 April Guardians of the Game: Rugby union in Australia.
Wallabies 7's U Schoolboys Former: Olympics Commonwealth Games Pacific Games. Rugby unions by best performance at the Men's World Cups.
Argentina Once Wales Once. Sports governing bodies in Australia AUS. Blind sports Disabled Winter Sport Australia. Retrieved from " https: Australian rugby union governing bodies Rugby union governing bodies in Oceania establishments in Australia Sports organisations established in World Rugby members.
Rugby australien -Historisch wurde der Sport analog zu den USA als soccer bezeichnet, heute aber benutzen viele offizielle Organisationen und Vereine u. Zudem gewann er den Weltmeistertitel, ebenfalls als erster Australier. In Down Under sind sie übrigens nicht gerade glücklich mit den Rahmenbedingungen. Australien ist eine von drei Nationen, die Athleten zu allen Sommerspielen geschickt haben. Die Trikotfarben sind Grün und Gold, die traditionellen Farben der australischen Nationalmannschaften. Das lag hauptsächlich daran, dass im Rugby Union lange Zeit nur Amateure zugelassen waren, im Unterschied zum Rugby League , das in der Arbeiterklasse immer mehr Anhänger gewann und gute Union-Spieler anlockte.
Rugby Australia , known as the Australian Rugby Union until , is the governing body of rugby union in Australia. It was officially constituted in and is a member of World Rugby WR , the sport's international governing body.
Rugby Australia has eight member unions, representing each state and territory. It also manages Australia's national rugby union teams, including the Wallabies.
The original administrative body for rugby in Australia was the Southern Rugby Union, established in Sydney in The first British Isles team toured in and played 16 rugby matches in Australia as well as 18 matches of Victorian rules , later to become Australian football.
Australia's first international rugby match was against the touring British Isles team of , a year and a half before federation established the Commonwealth of Australia.
The match was played at the Sydney Cricket Ground and won 13—3 by Australia, but the tourists won the remaining three tests.
New South Wales, as the senior union, was responsible for administration of the Australian team, including all tours, until the end of the s.
However, the various state unions agreed that the future of rugby union in Australia would be better served by having a national administrative body and so the Australian Rugby Football Union was formed at a conference in Sydney in , acting initially in an advisory capacity only.
The Northern Territory Rugby Union joined in , initially as an associate union before later being granted membership and voting rights.
The organisation's governing structures were overhauled in December ,  following a review authored by the former federal senator and Minister for Sport, Mark Arbib.
Under the new constitution adopted in , the eight existing member unions and RUPA each provide a delegate who has one allocated vote.
Additionally, each of the Super Rugby teams also provide a delegate who has one allocated vote. At this stage, only the Rebels and Waratahs are independently administered so the votes for the other three teams are effectively controlled by the respective member unions that own each team.
Finally, any delegate from a member union with more than 50, registered players in their region is granted a second vote. Only the New South Wales and Queensland unions exceed that mark at present, so the total number of members' votes is currently sixteen.
The then ARU simply allocated fourteen votes split as follows: Rugby Australia promotes and selects a Hall of Fame honouring notable former players.
Each year two or three of Australia's greats from all eras of the international game are selected by an eight-man committee to be inducted into the Wallaby Hall of Fame.
Inductees are drawn from all Test teams starting with the first side in Consideration is given to a player's on-field career but induction is not based on statistical achievement alone.
Hall of Fame members: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Australian Rugby Union. History of rugby union in Australia.
History of rugby union. The Australian Society of Rugby Referees, and Australian Universities Rugby Union were also previously non-voting affiliates until and , respectively.
Rugby union portal Australia portal. Retrieved 21 August Archived from the original on 5 March Retrieved 27 June Archived from the original on 27 September Retrieved 25 July The Sydney Morning Herald.
Retrieved 24 December Retrieved 20 August Archived from the original on 26 May Retrieved 26 May Vid tidpunkten kallades spelet enbart " rugby " eller " rugby football ".
Dessutom fanns problemet med arbetare som stundom tvingades arbeta under matcher. Resultatet av mötet blev att samtliga klubbar som deltagit i mötet lämnade RFU och bildade istället Northern Rugby Football League som sedan är känd som Rugby Football League RFL , som snabbt utvecklades till en professionell liga.
För detta krävdes mer pengar och ett mer attraktivt spel. Liknande splittringar i Australien och Nya Zeeland har i dessa länder skapat andra former av professionell rugby.
Men Rugby Union har den fördelen att sporten är internationell med ett gemensamt internationellt regelverk. Rugby League har en plan som liknar den för amerikansk fotboll gällande linjer men är större.
Klungor förekommer mycket sällan och bollen är i spel mer än i Rugby Union. Eftersom färre man skall täcka en lika stor yta brukar Rugby League anses vara ett lite tuffare spel än Rugby Union.
Det kallas försök en: Om laget tvingats tillbaks bakom sin egen meterslinje kan de sparka bollen ut ur planen för att vinna tillbaka mark, men förlora bollen.
Ett försök till spark med territoriell vinst som resultat kallas kick into touch , sidlinjen kallas även touch-linjen. Laget med inkastets kastare, som ofta har till plikt att kasta in bollen, ropar ofta ut kodord för att de egna spelarna ska känna till vem som ska ta emot bollen.
Den mest fysiska delen i rugby är tacklingarna. Domaren talar om för spelarna vilken situation som är aktuell. Ruck är dock strikt styrt av regler avsedda för att skydda spelarna.